Sensitive Fire Alarm


Very sensitive. Detects Fire from a distance of 2 meters in a dark room. Beeps loudly till Fire ceases. Since it is detecting Infrared rays, it can be also used as a TV Remote tester.
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Power status LED


Two LEDs indicate the power on and off status of bread board power . So it helps to confirm whether the positive and negative rails of the bread board are getting power. Green LED lights at power on and turns off after 3 seconds. Red LED turns on at power off and turns off after 3 seconds. Let us see the circuit

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Gas Leakage Alarm System


 

The Project implementing is a Gas leakage alarm system that senses the leakage of LPG from Gas cylinder or Gas stove and gives a warning alarm. Its further modification can be automatic cut off the electricity system in the home and also a battery operated exhaust fan to remove the leaked gas from the room.


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PIR sensor based home surveillance system


This project is based on the PIR Motion sensor to detect human movement and alarm generation as a surveillance system for home and office. The circuit sends the alarm sound wirelessly to the interior of home and also switches on the outdoor lights when it detects a human movement. Continue reading “PIR sensor based home surveillance system”

Alarm for Water Heater


It was a big problem in my house that, sometimes the Water heater left on for many hours after the use. It has a Thermostat to cut off but when the water cools, again it switches on. This causes hike in electricity bill. Finally I found a solution. Just connected a Timer based alarm with the heater AC socket so that it will also switches on when the heater turns on. After 30 minute, it gives a loud alarm to remind that the heater is On. Alarm continues for another 30 minutes or till the heater is switched off. So that alarm reminds to switch off the water heater. This can be used for Electric Iron also.

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LED Emergency Lamp


Make this simple  White LED emergency lamp using few components. It can be plugged into the AC socket and it turns on at the moment when power failures. It emits cool white light in the room which is sufficient even for reading purpose. It is powered by a 4.5 volt rechargeable battery and uses 1 watt White LED.

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Flicker Free Automatic Light


When we use Triac and LDR to make Automatic Lights, a major problem arises . Lamp starts flickering during the light transition period in the  evening and morning. Lamp fully turns on only when there is complete darkness and turns off only when day light is full. This simple design solves the problem. Light instantly turns on / off without any flickering. You can drive CFL, LED bulb etc which turns on automatically around 6 pm and turns off around 6 am. See the simple design. Continue reading “Flicker Free Automatic Light”

Simple Tranformerless Power supply


It is very easy to convert 220 Volt AC to DC for powering electronic circuits. Any DC voltage from 3 volt to 36 volt can be generated from 220 volt AC using appropriate value of X rated capacitor and Zener diodes. The X rated capacitor drops 220 V AC to low volt AC. This can be rectified to DC by a Rectifier diode and smoothed by a Filter capacitor. By selecting a required value Zener, regulated DC can be obtained. But the only drawback of the Tranformerless power supply is its low current, so only light loads can be used. Here explains the design of a 4.7 Volt 4.6 Milli Ampere Tranformerless power supply to power PIR sensor .

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AC Powered PIR Light


A Simple design of PIR Light using Tranformerless Power Supply and Triac for driving the load. Too compact and can be enclosed in a small case. The light turns on when the PIR sensor detects human movement and turns off after the preset time. Re triggers in another movement. Its range is 30 cm to 10 meters and time delay, 30 seconds to 3 minutes both can be adjusted using the presets in the PIR sensor Module.

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Fast Charger for Car battery



Here is an efficient Car battery charger for fast charging the Car battery. It is a 5 Ampere charger with Digital Volt and Ampere Meter to display the charging voltage and current. Since the charger provides maximum 5 Amps current, battery can take high current it needs to charge very fast. As the charging process completes, current flow reduces to zero and will be displayed in the meter. So it is easy to confirm whether the battery is fully charged or not.
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How to connect Panel Meter in Battery Charger



Digital Volt Ampere Meters are now available which can be used in Battery chargers to monitor voltage and current. One section of the Meter displays 0 to 100 V DC and the second section displays current 0 to 10 Amperes. The Meter works off 4 to 30 V DC. Let us see how it can be used in a charger….
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Wireless Electricity Generator


Wireless Electricity Generator
Here is a High Efficiency Wireless Electricity Generator project. Usually we make a simple wireless electricity generator to light 1.8 volt Red LED. But here the efficiency of the Wireless Electricity Generator is increased to light 1 Watt White LED Bulb that requires 3.6V. It generates voltage and current even to light a Strip LED. Try it and see the wonder of LED lighting without a battery connection.

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PIR Sensor Alarm


PIR Sensor Alarm

This simple alarm can be used to detect the movement of human beings at a distance of 10 meters. It works both day and night and beeps shortly when there is a human movement through its detecting range. It is ideal to monitor the entry passages, stair case, corridors etc. It is highly useful to monitor the human movements in Flats, Multi storied buildings, Shops etc. A relay can also be connected for activating lights, electric alarms etc. It can be used as a Personal alarm during journey to protect luggage.
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How to connect Digital Volt Ampere Meter


How  to connect Digital Volt Ampere Meter
Digital Volt Ampere meters are now available to measure DC voltage and Current. It can be connected to the output of the Power supply. So the output voltage and current to the load is displayed in the meter. If a battery is connected to the power supply for charging, we can see the current consuming by the battery during charging. When the battery is fully charged, current drops to zero which indicates the termination of charging. If project is connected, the voltage and current to the project is displayed.
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Ultrasonic Pest Chaser


Ultrasonic Pest Chaser

Here is an efficient Electronic Pest Repellent to chase Pests from home. It emits Ultrasound in the frequency 9 to 96 kHz which can be set for each Pest. Human can’t here the Ultrasound since it is out of human sound detection range. But most animals can hear Ultrasound.The circuit emits powerful Ultrasound to repel pests.

Mosquitoes are usually repelled between 20 and 40 kHz, Rats around 56 kHz, Cockroaches around 36 kHz and Flies around 30 kHz. Out put power of the circuit is 2 watts 1.3 dB. It can repel Mosquitoes, Rats, Cockroaches, Wall Lizards , House flies etc from home. Made and found effective.


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Power regulation using IC


Voltage regulation through Fixed Voltage Regulator IC is the most suitable method.78xx series positive and negative regulators are widely used to get fixed voltage to drive loads. Here explains a circuit design to get regulated voltage from a 12 volt 500 mA power supply .This circuit can deliver 5 volts at 300 mA for driving a load.

The circuit is Voltage and Current regulated and with Polarity and Surge protection components.
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How to select resistor for 1 watt LED


1 Watt LEDs are widely used in Emergency lights and LED lights. Most of the circuits use 4 volt battery having 0.5 to 4 Ah capacity. The 1 watt LED is rated 3.6 volts maximum so we need the correct value resistor for LED to get maximum brightness. Let us see how the LED resistor value is determined.
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Automatic Solar Outdoor Light


Automatic Solar Outdoor Light

Very simple to construct an Automatic Garden light using Solar Panel and LED light. ON in the evening and OFF in the morning. No switching needed and it light the premises of home even if inmates are not there. No circuit complication is here instead  only a Relay and few components are used to make this efficient Solar light. It is very well lighting my home.

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Automatic Battery Charger


Here is an efficient battery charger for Car battery and Inverter battery. It quick charges the battery with 5 Ampere current and cut off charging when the battery attains 13.8 V which is the full charge condition of the Lead Acid battery. Red LED indicates charging process while Green LED indicates full charge and charger cut off status.
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How to make a Mini Power Bank


Don’t throw away the old Mobile battery. The high efficiency Lithium Ion battery can be reused to make a Mini Power bank useful as a Travel Mobile charger. For this, you needs a Lithium battery charger Module and a Mobile charger module in addition to the battery. Both modules will cost around Rs.100.
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How to connect Relay with NPN and PNP transistors


Transistor is used to drive relay to connect AC loads. For efficient working, it is important to connect the relay correctly in NPN and PNP transistors. See the way of connection. Continue reading “How to connect Relay with NPN and PNP transistors”

How to set CD 4060 IC as Timer


CD 4060 is the versatile Binary counter IC that can be used in Timer applications.When a resistor is connected to its pin 10 and a capacitor in its pin 9, it forms an oscillator that gives pulses to its pin 11.According to the timing cycle, each output goes high one by one. Output gives around 10 mA current and a voltage near to the supply voltage. Timer oscillates only when its Reset pin 12 is grounded. Continue reading “How to set CD 4060 IC as Timer”

How to determine the voltage level in Lithium Ion battery


Lithium Ion batteries are now widely used in Mobile phones, Power banks, Digital cameras and other devices that requires 3.6 V . Lithium Ion batteries are long lasting since its current rating is very high above 2300 mAh.It is very important to maintain Lithium Ion batteries since, both over charging and poor charging may completely destroy the battery.Some have the habit of plugging the Mobile phone in charger overnight. Mobile battery needs to be charged only when its charge goes below 50 %.Proper charging and discharging increases the life of Mobile battery and its efficiency. Let us see its voltage levels
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How to Convert SMPS to Bench Power supply cum charger



Don’t throw away the SMPS power supply when the Computer damges. SMPS is a high current device that gives different regulated voltages from the output wires. It has numerous wires to give different voltages . So you can make a good Multi voltage power supply for the Projects or use as battery charger for different types of batteries. It has total isolation from Mains and output is safe DC.
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Power Supply Box


This Power supply box can be used to interface with the High current Bench power supply made from the SMPS of Computer. The Power supply box has a DC-DC Converter cum Booster module, A Volt Meter and an Ammeter to show output voltage and current consumed by the load. Continue reading “Power Supply Box”

How to retrieve data from the Laptop Hard Disk


Suppose the Laptop crashes and is irrecoverably damaged .Its Hard disk has full of valuable data. What will do to recover that? SATA to USB device will help. Its cost is just Rs.170 and available in Computer sellers. Open the small window on the back of laptop. You can see the Hard Disk there. Unplug from its socket. Connect it to the SATA-USB socket. Connect the USB cable to PC or Laptop. It will detect the removed Hard Disk. You can open the folders and copy the data. It can be a good external hard disk in future. Continue reading “How to retrieve data from the Laptop Hard Disk”

How to retrieve data from a Hard disk.


Suppose the computer mother board crashes and the PC is irrecoverably damaged .Its Hard disk has full of valuable data. What will do to recover that? SATA to USB device will help. Just plug in its power supply and data cables to the Hard disk removed from the PC. Connect the USB cable of SATA- USB unit to a computer or laptop. The PC will detect the hard disk and you can copy the files to the computer. You can also use this Hard disk as an external hard disk.

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How to convert SMPS Power Supply to Bench Power supply


Don’t throw away the SMPS power supply when the Computer fails. It is a high current device that gives different regulated voltages from the output wires. It has numerous wires to give different voltages . So you can make a good Multi voltage power supply for the Projects or use as battery charger for different types of batteries. It has total isolation from Mains and output is safe DC.
Continue reading “How to convert SMPS Power Supply to Bench Power supply”