When we use Triac and LDR to make Automatic Lights, a major problem arises . Lamp starts flickering during the light transition period in the evening and morning. Lamp fully turns on only when there is complete darkness and turns off only when day light is full. This simple design solves the problem. Light instantly turns on / off without any flickering. You can drive CFL, LED bulb etc which turns on automatically around 6 pm and turns off around 6 am. See the simple design. Continue reading “Flicker Free Automatic Light”
1 Watt LEDs are widely used in Emergency lights and LED lights. Most of the circuits use 4 volt battery having 0.5 to 4 Ah capacity. The 1 watt LED is rated 3.6 volts maximum so we need the correct value resistor for LED to get maximum brightness. Let us see how the LED resistor value is determined.
Continue reading “How to select resistor for 1 watt LED”
Here is an efficient battery charger for Car battery and Inverter battery. It quick charges the battery with 5 Ampere current and cut off charging when the battery attains 13.8 V which is the full charge condition of the Lead Acid battery. Red LED indicates charging process while Green LED indicates full charge and charger cut off status.
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Transistor is used to drive relay to connect AC loads. For efficient working, it is important to connect the relay correctly in NPN and PNP transistors. See the way of connection. Continue reading “How to connect Relay with NPN and PNP transistors”
7 segment display is used in Counter circuits, Temperature sensing circuits, Timers, Clock circuits etc. Let us see its pins and way of connection Continue reading “How to connect 7 segment display in circuits”