The Op Amp comparators sometimes works well under some conditions but not always. If there is a slow wave form or some noise on it, sometimes the output switch back and forth many times. So for stable operation, Op Amp comparator can be designed as a Schmitt trigger.
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Comparator is a circuit that compare two voltages. When one voltage is higher than the other, the output of comparator is in one state, either high or low. If the input conditions are reversed, output of the comparator switches to the other state.
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