How to connect PIR sensor Module

It is important to know the connections of PIR sensor module. It is easy to connect it with alarms, relay to drive AC load etc. Let us see Continue reading


IR LED Tester. Application Circuit 2

led-testerIR Rays are invisible to human eye, so it is very difficult to check the working of IR LED. Usually we use a Mobile camera to test IR LED since the pink light from the IR LED becomes visible in digital camera. We can make a simple IR LED tester so that, before using it in the project, we can confirm whether it is good or not. Lot of IR LEDs are also in our Junk box. So we can check all IR LEDs and  discard the damaged ones. The same tester can be used to check all ordinary LEDs, Photo diodes, Silicon and Germanium diodes etc.

Continue reading

Car USB Charger using MC 34063. Start Up Project 40

usb-charger2So many types of Car USB chargers are available which step down the 12 volt DC from the Car battery to 5V DC for charging devices like Mobile phone, Tablets, MP3 player etc. These are usually connected to the Lighter socket to get 12V. The low cost chargers do not have a circuit inside but simply providing 12V DC directly. Only a fuse is present in it. This is dangerous because, the Car battery is a high current one which can damage the gadgets. Here is a simple solution for this. We can make a Voltage and Current regulated Car Charger using the IC MC 34063. It is a Step down DC – DC Converter IC with many features. The output from the circuit will be 5 V at 500 mA.

Continue reading

Laptop Battery Power supply. Start Up Project 38

12ADon’t throw away old Laptop battery; it can be reused for other purposes. I hacked one Laptop battery and salvaged six high efficient Samsung Lithium Ion batteries each rated 3.6V, 4300 mAh. It is worth Rs. 1000. Few days before, I found that, my Laptop is not getting enough back up and shutdown immediately when the charger is removed. So I replaced the battery at the cost of Rs.1200. Due to curiosity, I just opened the case of the old battery pack and found that, the batteries inside can be reused. After testing, I found that only one battery out of the six is damaged. All the other five are in good condition. That damaged battery created the problem in the battery pack and prevented the remaining five batteries from their work. So actually this is happening in our Laptop. If one battery fails, we have to replace the battery pack. If the good batteries are salvaged from the old pack, we can reuse them for many different applications like LED lighting, Mobile charging, making power supply etc. So I spend Rs.1200 for the new battery pack but I salvaged 5 good batteries worth Rs. 1000 from the old battery pack. So my actual expense is only Rs.200. So do not discard the old Laptop battery. Tear it, salvage the individual batteries and reuse. You can save money and can reduce the e-waste.
Continue reading

Peltier Joule Thief. Start Up Project 37

13AYou know, we can light a 1 watt LED without a battery! Peltier will give “Free Electricity” for that. When we heat the Peltier with flame, hot water or a hot object, it starts to generate current. Its voltage can be around 1.5V when the heat is above 60 degree. But this 1.5V is not sufficient to light even an ordinary LED that requires 1.8V minimum. 1 watt White LED requires 3.6V. Then how? We can add a Joule Thief circuit for that. A Joule Thief circuit is a self oscillating circuit that increases the input voltage as low as 700 mV to 4-5V. So if the Peltier is connected to a Joule Thief and heated, Joule thief will amplify the voltage to light the 1 watt LED. Let us check this.
Continue reading

Peltier Electricity. Start Up Project 36

12APeltier is the Fantastic device used to make cooling devices. When a current of more than 500 mA passes through the Peltier, its one side cools while the other side turns hot. This is due to the transfer of heat from one side of the Peltier semiconductor to the other. As the current increases above 1 Amps , the cooling effect increases and the temperature of the cold side of Peltier drops below 0 degree. But if we reverse the function of Peltier, it generates electricity. For example, if we heat one side of Peltier above 60 degree using a hot object, hot water or flame, Peltier generates around 1.6V DC and around 350mA current. Let us make one circuit of “Free energy “generation using a Peltier Module. Since the 1.5V from the Peltier is not sufficient for lighting an LED, we have to add a voltage booster to increase the Peltier voltage sufficient to light the LED. If 5 Peltier are serially connected, we can even charge our Mobile phone using a Candle flame.

Continue reading

Mobile Scanner. Start Up Project 35

2AKeep this Match box size Mobile Scanner in your pocket. It will Scan around you and beeps loudly when a Mobile phone turns active in your vicinity. It can detect the activation of Mobile phone around 2 Meters radius. It beeps during incoming call, outgoing call and when somebody tries to take your Photo. It is an ideal device to detect Mobile phone use in examinations halls, confidential rooms, hospitals etc where Mobile phone is strictly prohibited. Its range can be from 50 cm to 3 meters depending on the type of the active Mobile phone. With  Smart phones, its range is less than 1 meter because there is a mechanism in it to prevent excess radiation. But in ordinary Mobile phones, its range can be up to three meters. Try this nice weekend project.
Continue reading