Car Battery Charger. Home Utility Circuit 2


LEAD-ACID-BATTERYIf you own a Car, you need a Battery charger to charge the battery if the vehicle is not running daily. Car battery is rated 12 Volt 32 Amps or 45 Amps. It needs both charge and discharge cycles to keep the battery always in top condition. Aging of battery starts just after its manufacturing and as the age increases, the Lead Acid battery loses its capacity to hold charge. Here is a simple Car battery charger you can make.
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Battery Chargers. Design Note 32


IMAGEPresenting here three circuits to make efficient Battery chargers. The 12 volt Lead Acid Car battery requires high current for fast charging. If we provide high current, the battery will charge within 1-2 hours fully. Usually a Lead Acid battery takes high current initially, which drops to 500 mA or less after 10-20 minutes. As a rule, it is advisable to charge the battery with a current that is 10 times lesser than the battery capacity. The Car battery is 32 Amps or 45 Amps so it requires 3.2 Ampere and 4.5 Ampere current respectively. So the charger should provide 14 volts with a current of 5 Amperes.

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Know the maintenance of Lead Acid Battery


A lead acid battery is composed of series of plates immersed in a solution of Sulphuric acid. Each plate has a Grid on which the active material is attached. In the negative plate, lead oxide is attached as the active material while on the positive plate, pure lead is attached. All the negative plates are connected together. Similarly all the positive plates are also connected together.

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3 Amps Battery Charger.Utility Circuit 2


Here is a general purpose battery charger that can deliver 3 Ampere current at 12 Volts to charge Lead Acid battery or Tubular battery. The Ampere meter provided in the circuit indicates how much current is flowing into the battery. Two LED indicators are included to show the charging status.

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Lead Acid Battery


A lead acid battery is composed of series of plates immersed in a solution of Sulphuric acid. Each plate has a Grid on which the active material is attached. In the negative plate, lead oxide is attached as the active material while on the positive plate, pure lead is attached. All the negative plates are connected together. Similarly all the positive plates are also connected together.

Continue reading “Lead Acid Battery”