A lead acid battery is composed of series of plates immersed in a solution of Sulphuric acid. Each plate has a Grid on which the active material is attached. In the negative plate, lead oxide is attached as the active … Continue reading
Here is a general purpose battery charger that can deliver 3 Ampere current at 12 Volts to charge Lead Acid battery or Tubular battery. The Ampere meter provided in the circuit indicates how much current is flowing into the battery. Two LED indicators are included to show the charging status.
A lead acid battery is composed of series of plates immersed in a solution of Sulphuric acid. Each plate has a Grid on which the active material is attached. In the negative plate, lead oxide is attached as the active material while on the positive plate, pure lead is attached. All the negative plates are connected together. Similarly all the positive plates are also connected together.
Monitor your Car battery or Inverter battery with this simple circuit. It always follows the terminal voltage of the battery and gives corresponding LED indications. A 12 volt Lead-Acid battery attains 13.85 volts in full charged condition and Inverter Tubular battery 14.85 volts. So it is necessary to have an idea about the charge status of the battery. If the battery discharges below 10 volts, it needs immediate charging to prevent the deep discharge. The circuit gives three LED indications. If the terminal voltage of the battery rises above 13.5 volts, Red LED lights. If the voltage drops below 10 volts, Green LED lights. If the voltage is normal around 12 volts, both the LEDs remain off.
Lead Acid and Tubular battery sometimes require boost charging with high current to remove the memory effect. In Inverter battery, the charger delivers low current since the charger is always on to charge the battery. If the line voltage is low, the charging will not be complete and battery gets only partial charge. This leads to memory effect and the battery remembers this partial charge as full charge in the subsequent charging. The best method to remove the memory effect is boost charging with high current for a short period. It is better to boost charge the inverter battery once in a month using an external charger after removing the battery connection from the inverter. This charger will do a quick charging and is ideal for Automobile battery and Inverter battery.
12 Volt battery used in vehicles is the Lead Acid (LA) type battery which can deliver more than 45 Ampere current to ignite the engine. It is the type of Starting battery or SLI battery (Starting Light Ignition) designed to give a heavy current to start the engine. The lead acid battery is composed of series of plates immersed in a solution of Sulphuric acid. Each plate has a Grid on which the active material is attached. In the negative plate, lead oxide is attached as the active material while on the positive plate, pure lead is attached. All the negative plates are connected together and connected to the external negative terminal. Similarly all the positive plates are connected together and with the positive terminal.
The electrolyte in the battery is sulphuric acid- water mixture which has specific gravity. The specific gravity is the weight of the sulphuric acid- water mixture compared to equal volume of water. Pure water has a specific gravity of 1.
During the battery discharge, the sulphuric acid in the electrolyte combines with the active material of the plates. This releases energy and the plate material becomes Lead sulphate both in the positive and negative plates. When this happens, hydrogen atoms of the sulphuric acid combines with oxygen to form water. As a result, positive plates release electrons and the negative plates accept equal number of electrons. This creates a potential difference between the positive and negative plates and current passes through the load.
During the charging and discharging process, heavy chemical reaction takes place which changes the specific gravity of sulphuric acid .This can damage the plates and may reduce the charging holding capacity. To prevent plate drying, topping with desired quantity of distilled water is necessary.
A lead acid battery is composed of series of plates immersed in a solution of Sulphuric acid.
With this tester, you can assess the capacity of Inverter to handle the load. It gives a warning beep, if the inverter load exceeds above its load handling capacity. Inverters are available in different ‘Size ratings’ from 50 VA up to 50000 VA. VA indicates the ‘Size’ (capacity) of the inverter which represents its maximum load capacity. Commonly available inverters are 500 VA, 800 VA, 1000 VA, 1500 VA etc. An inverter needs Peak or Surge power and Typical or Average (Usual) power to handle the load. Peak power is the maximum power that an inverter can supply usually for short time. If the load increases above the rated capacity of the Inverter, it will over load the inverter that may leads to its permanent damage.
With this circuit, you can assess the voltage level in Lead Acid Car battery or Inverter battery. It gives LED indications in Dot Mode display to show the level of voltage in the battery. A Lead Acid battery attains 13.8 volts and tubular battery 14.8 volts in the fully charged state. If the battery voltage level drops below 10 volts, it needs immediate charging, and if it is not attaining full charge, it cannot be used to drive the load.
Lead Acid and Tubular batteries require proper attention and care to maintain its life period. If maintained properly, life of these batteries can be extended to 3 – 5 years. This note will help you to know the working of battery and the methods of maintenance.