Articles, Battery, Circuit, Components, Electronics, Electronics Theory, Energy, Hobby, Hobby Circuits, Home Circuits, How components work, Power Supply, Solar Circuits, Techniques, Utility Gadgets

Voltage Monitor for Solar Panel. Design Note 46


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Here is a simple circuit to monitor the voltage level in Solar panels. Usually a volt meter test is done during the installation of solar panel and then after, the panel remains unattended. If the solar panel is not providing sufficient voltage for charging the battery, that will permanently destroy it. A 12 volt Solar panel gives maximum of 22 volts DC in bright sunlight, which drops to around 16 volts when the load is connected. So a voltage level around 16 volts is necessary for charging the 12 volt Lead Acid battery. But the voltage output from the solar panel may reduce due to the accumulation of dust on the panel and corrosion of terminal contacts. These remain unnoticed ,so only when the battery fails ,we note this. This simple circuit solves the problem. If the solar panel  gives above 15 volts with the battery connected, the LED remains off. When the voltage from solar panel drops below 15 volts, LED turns on to indicate low voltage. This usually happens when the sunlight is low, but if the LED remains on in bright sunlight also, it indicates low output from the solar panel. The circuit can also be used as Battery level monitor.
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Articles, Battery, Circuit, Components, Design, Electronics, Electronics Theory, Hobby Circuits, Home Circuits, How components work, Power Supply, Techniques, Utility Gadgets

Battery Voltage Monitor. Design Note 36


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This is the simplest type of Voltage Monitor you can build in 5 minutes. No need for a PCB and just solder lead to lead and hook up in the Emergency lamp. As long as the battery voltage is above 5 volts, LED lights to indicate a healthy battery. When the battery voltage drops below 4.7 volts, LED turns off to indicate the time for charging. It is a must for emergency lamp since deep discharge  permanently destroys the battery. Let us see what is happening in the emergency lamp battery.
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