How to determine the voltage level in Lithium Ion battery

Lithium Ion batteries are now widely used in Mobile phones, Power banks, Digital cameras and other devices that requires 3.6 V . Lithium Ion batteries are long lasting since its current rating is very high above 2300 mAh.It is very important to maintain Lithium Ion batteries since, both over charging and poor charging may completely destroy the battery.Some have the habit of plugging the Mobile phone in charger overnight. Mobile battery needs to be charged only when its charge goes below 50 %.Proper charging and discharging increases the life of Mobile battery and its efficiency. Let us see its voltage levels
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How to fix PIR sensor Alarm

PIR sensor is the ideal device to use as Surveillance systems that operates by sensing human body heat. It triggers the alarm from a distance of 10 meters when a human passes. It operates both day and night. Let us see how to fix it on the wall
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Servicing a Maintenance Free Battery. Start Up Project 29

6BI found that my UPS is not giving sufficient back up as expected for 20 minutes. I thought that I have to spend Rs. 800 to replace the battery. But I was not in a hurry. Want to find out the reason. After 5 minutes, the PC shutdowns. Why so? The UPS battery is not giving sufficient power (Ampere Hour) to run the load. The UPS battery is a 12 volt 7 Ah (Ampere hour) Maintenance free Sealed LeadAcid battery (SLA). That means, it is “Maintenance free” and can be used for long time without any attention. But what happens is, the cells dry out due to heat generation. This happens after 6 months to 1 year of use . It is a Lead Acid battery that requires Electrolyte in the cells. So water is necessary inside. It has 6 individual cells giving 2V each. After removing the battery from the UPS, I found that it is very easy to rejuvenate the battery through “Hydration”. The battery will become top, if the dry cells are filled with battery water. Hydrated the battery and charged. Well, now it is giving more than 15 minutes back up. Saved Rs. 800 and reduced an e-waste. You can also rejuvenate the 6V Emergency lamp battery like this. So do it yourself. It is only a 10 minutes job.

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Peltier Fridge. Start Up Project 27

OAWow! We can make a cup of cold water in 5 minutes without a Fridge. You need only a Peltier Element, a 12 volt high current battery and a Computer cooling fan. Peltier element is a semiconductor plate like device with Cold and Hot sides. When we provide 12 -18V, 1 amps power to it, one side of the Peltier suddenly cools and the other side turns hot. The cool side temperature goes down below 0 degree and the hot side becomes around 100 degree. So to transfer that much heat, the Peltier should be placed over a large Heat sink. A Computer cooling fan with heat sink is the best choice. Fan will remove the heat from the Peltier and heat sink. At the same time, the cold side turns too cool in minutes. Without a heat sink, the Peltier will be damaged. If we reverse the Polarity (+ and ) of the power supply to Peltier, the sides reverses. That means, cool side becomes hot side and vice versa. Let us make one Peltier Fridge  to get some cold water. Later we can change it as a heater to drink hot water. Peltier costs around Rs.200.
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Solar Power Outlet. Start Up Project 4

17AWhy wasting electricity for charging USB devices including Mobile phone? Sun is there to give power for this. Install a Solar Power Outlet in your home to harvest solar power for charging all USB devices in day time. Its cost is only Rs.500 and you get unlimited day power for more than 25 years to charge all USB devices. The expensive part of the project is Solar Panel. A 12 Volt 5 watts Solar panel costs around Rs.400 because the current rate is around Rs.80 per watt. The remaining components costs only Rs.100. So by spending Rs.500 initially, you can charge all your USB devices at the expense of only 6 Paisa per day . The calculation is for 25 years (50,000 Paisa / 9000 days = 5.5 Paisa). So hurry up to make this project.
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Make Internet Explorer user friendly

Most people use Internet Explorer as default browser, but when installed, sometimes its settings may be different. So by spending a few minutes, you can give a good look to explorer and make it user friendly. See the tips.
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Conserve Power – More Star More energy efficient

Energy Sticker
Energy Star sticker is seen in current hungry appliances like Fridge and Air conditioner. This indicates the energy efficiency of the appliances. Energy star denotes the international standard of energy efficient products implemented in 1992 by the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy .It was started in United States of America. The Devices carrying the Energy Star service label generally use 20–30% less energy than required by federal standards. So by comparing the stars, the consumer can choose the model .
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